Saturday, April 14, 2018

Quick Quiz: Eating Disorders

Below, some definitions taken/clipped from Wikipedia's eating disorders pages. And here's a job or you: name that disorder.

1. Recurring binge eating at least once a week for over a period of 3 months while experiencing lack of control and guilt after overeating

2. Lack of maintenance of a healthy body weight, an obsessive fear of gaining weight or refusal to do so, and an unrealistic perception, or non-recognition of the seriousness, of current low body weight.

3. Recurrent binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as purging (self-induced vomiting, eating to the point of vomiting, excessive use of laxatives/diuretics, or excessive exercise).

4. Persistent eating of non-food items.

5. Repeated regurgitation of most meals following consumption, due to the involuntary contraction of the muscles around the abdomen.

How'd you do?

It'd be great if the social work licensing exam were this simple. On real ASWB exam questions, DSM knowledge is often folded into a tricky vignette. That knowledge, blended with  your understanding of best practices in social work gets you the correct answer. For vignette practice that recreates the real exam, try the practice tests at SWTP.

For answers, scroll down...



























1. Binge eating disorder
2. Anorexia nervosa
3. Bulimia nervosa
4. Pica
5. Rumination disorder

Friday, March 30, 2018

Quick Quiz: DSM Grab Bag

Here's a quick quiz that jumps around within the DSM. We turned to Wikipedia's DSM-5 page for text, leaning on mood disorders. But we've left important pieces out--the names of each disorder. So...name these disorders!

1. An unstable emotional condition characterized by cycles of abnormal, persistent high mood (mania) and low mood (depression) can best be diagnosed as ________________.

2. A __________________ diagnosis is made when the person has features of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder—either bipolar disorder or depression—but does not strictly meet diagnostic criteria for either alone.


3.  ________________ is characterized by  recurrent intermittent hypomanic and depressive episodes or mixed episodes.


4. _________________ is a mental disorder in children and adolescents characterized by a

persistently irritable or angry mood and frequent temper outbursts that are disproportionate to the situation and significantly more severe than the typical reaction of same-aged peers.

5. _________________ is an impulse control disorder characterized by a long term urge that results in the pulling out of one's hair.


6.   _________________ is an eating disorder characterized by frequent and recurrent binge eating episodes with associated negative psychological and social problems, but without subsequent purging episodes


Did you get all six? Great! You're on your way to ASWB exam success.

Note: the real exam doesn't look like this. It'd be easier if it did. For realistic exam questions--mostly in vignette form--try practice exams from SWTP. Practice makes, if not perfect, good enough to get licensed. And that's the idea.

Happy studying!

Oh, wait, you want answers? They're below. Scroll down...
















1. Bipolar I disorder
2. Schizoaffective disorder
3. Bipolar II disorder
4. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD)
5. Trichotillomania

Friday, March 23, 2018

Quick Quiz: Anxiety Disorders

Here are definitions taken (or excerpted) from Wikipedia's anxiety disorders page. Your job, should you choose to accept it, name each disorder.

And...go!

1. Sufferers typically anticipate terrifying consequences from encountering the object of their fear, which can be anything from an animal to a location to a bodily fluid to a particular situation. 

2. The specific anxiety about being in a place or situation where escape is difficult or embarrassing or where help may be unavailable.

3. Intense fear and avoidance of negative public scrutiny, public embarrassment, humiliation, or social interaction

4. An anxiety disorder that results from a traumatic experience, such as combat, natural disaster, rape, hostage situations, child abusebullying, or even a serious accident.

5.  The feeling of excessive and inappropriate levels of anxiety over being separated from a person or place.

6. A  disorder in which a person who is normally capable of speech does not speak in specific situations or to specific people.

How'd you do? 

It'd be nice if the social work licensing exam were simple like this. On real exam questions, DSM knowledge is often embedded in a wrenching vignette. You're required to synthesize your factual knowledge and social work know-how to get to the correct answer. For vignette practice that mimics the real exam, try the practice tests at SWTP.

Answers are below. Scroll down...




















1. Specific phobia
2. Agoraphobia
3. Social anxiety disorder
4. PTSD
5. Separation anxiety disorder
6. Selective mutism 

Thursday, March 15, 2018

Quick Quiz: Phobias

Quick quiz time again. This next one is lifted straight from the Wikipedia phobias page. We've just left some things out. Your job: fill in the blanks.

Go!

A phobia is a type of ___________ disorder, defined by a persistent fear of an object or situation. The phobia typically results in a rapid onset of fear and is present for more than ___ months. The affected person will go to great lengths to avoid the situation or object, typically to a degree greater than the actual danger posed. If the feared object or situation cannot be avoided, the affected person will have significant _____________. 

Types of ________________________ include those to certain animals, natural environment situations, blood or injury, and specific situations. The most common are fear of spiders, fear of snakes, and fear of heights. ____________________ is when the situation is feared as the person is worried about others judging them. _______________________ is when fear of a situation occurs because it is felt that escape would not be possible.

Specific phobias should be treated with ___________________ where the person is introduced to the situation or object in question until the fear resolves. Social phobia and agoraphobia are often treated with some combination of counselling and _______________________.

How'd you do?

These quizzes are great for a fun, quick DSM-5 workout. For questions that truly prepare you for the social work licensing exam, take full-length, vignette-question practice tests like the ones offered at SWTP. There's no preparing quite like running realistic practice tests.

See you back here for another quick quiz soon.

Oh, you want the answers? Scroll down...



























1. Anxiety
2. Six
3. Distress
4. Specific phobias
5. Social phobia
6. Agoraphobia
7. Exposure therapy
8. Medication

Monday, March 5, 2018

Quick Quiz: Schizophrenia

You know what schizophrenia is. If you're doing front-line social work, you've encountered people with the diagnosis more than a little. So have ASWB exam writers and they're fairly likely to include something about schizophrenia on the test. It's worth having schizophrenia pretty well understood.

Here's a quick fill-in-the-blanks workout on the topic, with text pulled from Wikipedia's schizophrenia page.

Ready...steady...go!


1. A  _____________ is a perception in the absence of external stimulus that has qualities of real perception.

2. A _____________ is a mistaken belief that is held with strong conviction even when presented with superior evidence to the contrary.


3. _________________  & _________________ are peak periods for the onset of schizophrenia


4. _____________  symptoms are deficits of normal emotional responses or of other thought processes, and are less responsive to medication.


5. _______________ symptoms can include delusions, disordered thoughts and speech, and tactile, auditory, visual, olfactory and gustatory hallucinations.


6. A combination of ___________  and environmental factors play a role in the development of schizophrenia.


7. A _________________ diagnosis is made when the person has features of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder—either bipolar disorder or depression—but does not strictly meet diagnostic criteria for either alone




How'd you do?

For questions about schizophrenia and lots more that look like the actual ASWB exam, check out SWTP practice tests. And keep coming back here for more quick quizzes. 

Happy studying!

Answers below. Scroll down...





























1. Hallucination
2. Delusion
3. Late adolescence and early adulthood
4. Negative
5. Positive
6. Genetic
7. Schizoaffective disorder


Wednesday, February 28, 2018

Quick Quiz: Person-Centered Therapy

Here's a new quick quiz taken again from the psych pages on Wikipedia. This one's all about person-centered therapy. We won't say anything more about the topic--we don't want to give anything away. Your job: fill in the blanks about person-centered therapy. Consider it a quick workout to develop your knowledge for the social work licensing exam. And...go!

1. Person-centered therapy was developed by ____________________. That's why it's also known as 2. _____________________.

In person-centered therapy, the three core conditions necessary for therapeutic change are:

3. _______________ – the willingness to transparently relate to clients without hiding behind a professional or personal facade.

4. _______________ – the therapist offers an acceptance and prizing for their client for who he or she is
without conveying disapproving feelings, actions or characteristics and demonstrating a willingness to attentively listen without interruption, judgement or giving advice.

5. _______________ – the therapist communicates their desire to understand and appreciate their client's perspective.


And those are the very basics of person-centered therapy. These are not, however, what questions look like on the ASWB exam, where you won't encounter fill-in-the-blank questions. You will face multiple choice questions, usually in vignette form. The best way to prepare for those is practice. And practice. And a little more practice. Try SWTP for effective, reasonably-priced practice tests.

Good luck on the exam!

Oh, you want the answers? Scroll down....






















1. Carl Rogers
2. Rogerian Therapy (also Client-Centered Therapy)
3. Congruence
4. Unconditional Positive Regard
5. Empathy (or Accurate Empathy)

Friday, February 23, 2018

Quick Quiz: Attachment Theory Fill-in-the-Blank

Here's the third in a series of fill-in-the-blank quick quizzes to help you prepare for the social work licensing exam. All text is taken from Wikipedia's psych pages, then redacted just so to present you with something to solve. Have at it!

In attachment theory...

1. A toddler who is ________________ to his or her parent (or other familiar caregiver) will explore freely while the caregiver is present, typically engages with strangers, is often visibly upset when the caregiver departs, and is generally happy to see the caregiver return.

2. A child with an _________________ pattern of attachment will typically explore little (in the Strange Situation) and is often wary of strangers, even when the parent is present. When the mother departs, the child is often highly distressed. The child is generally ambivalent when she returns.

3. An infant with an _________________ pattern of attachment will avoid or ignore the caregiver—showing little emotion when the caregiver departs or returns. The infant will not explore very much regardless of who is there.

4. _____________, the "Father of attachment theory," believed that the tendency for primate infants to develop attachments to familiar caregivers was the result of evolutionary pressures, since attachment behavior would facilitate the infant's survival in the face of dangers such as predation or exposure to the elements.

5. The most common and empirically supported method for assessing attachment in infants (11 months–17 months) is the Strange Situation Protocol, developed by __________________ as a result of her careful in-depth observations of infants with their mothers in Baltimore, Maryland.

How'd you do?

Remember, these aren't the types of questions that appear on the ASWB exam. The actual questions tend to be vignettes. "A client presents with such and such...According to attachment theory, the BEST way to conceptualize the clients presenting problem is:" Or something along those lines. For practice questions about attachment theory--in actual exam form--try SWTP.

Check your answers by scrolling down..................




































1. Secure attachment
2. Anxious-ambivalent
3. Anxious-avoidant
4. John Bowlby
5. Mary Ainsworth